99 Famous Diamond in the World
Enjoy watching and learning about the 99 Most Famous diamonds of the world. Yes, the 99 diamonds below are the most famous and the most expensive diamonds on earth!
26th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union diamond
The XXVI Congress of CPSU diamond has been mined on December 23rd 1980 by T. N. Popov. This 342.57-carat diamond was named in honour of the historic 26th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which took place on February 23rd, 1981. Coming from the Mir mine kimberlitic pipe, in the town of Mirny, the 26th Congress is, to date, the largest diamond found in Russia (or the entire territory of the former USSR, for that matter).
Akbar Shah (aka The Lustre of the Peacock Throne) diamond
The Akbar Shah, aka the Lustre of the Peacock Throne, is a 73.60-carat colourless diamond, shaped like an irregular drop. It is not known where the Shah was mined, but it has been around since the time of Akbar Shah I of the Mughal Dynasty (hence the name), who ruled the greater part of the Indian subcontinent and modern day Afghanistan from 1556 until 1605. Historians widely agree that the diamond was a part of the famed Peacock Throne (hence the alias), though they’re not certain which part.
Alexander Pushkin diamond
The second largest diamond ever found in Russia (or territory of the former Soviet Union), the 320.65-carat Alexander Pushkin was almost named the Indestructible Soviet Union. Given the fact it was mined in 1989 (in the Udachnaya kimberlitic pipe, Yakutia), a mere two years before the collapse of the Soviet Union. For better or worse, the diamond features several cracks, which make its cutting all the more challenging.
The Allnatt Diamond is 101.29-carat diamond (second cut), with fancy vivid yellow colouration, as the experts would say. It was named after one of its owners, a certain Major A. E. Allnatt, an English businessman and, as it often happens with businessmen, a philanthropist. Very little is known about the diamond’s past prior to the moment the Major made his purchase somewhere in the early 1950s, though experts think it may have well been mined in South Africa – in De Beers Premier Mine, to be more specific.
Amarillo Starlight diamond
The Amarillo Starlight is best known for being the single largest diamond (as of yet) found by a visitor in the Crater of Diamonds State Park (Arkansas) since its inception as a state park in 1972. The diamond itself was found by one W. W. Johnson, a native of Amarillo, Texas (hence the name), only three years after the park opened. Due to a flaw in its centre, the diamond had almost been cut into a 5-carat pear shape, which might have been worth some $15,000. As is, its estimated value ranges between $150,000 and $175,000. Incidentally, visitors may dig for diamonds, for a nominal fee, and they get to keep anything they find, regardless of the value.
The 33.74-carat Amsterdam Diamond gets its name, quite obviously, from the city of Amsterdam in the Netherlands, which is hardly a surprise, considering the central position the city plays in the international diamond trading network. The diamond was purchased in 1972 by the company Drukker & Zn and named after the city in honour of its 700th birthday. The diamond was taken to Amsterdam and cut into a pair shape, the better to highlight its adamantine lustre.
Archduke Joseph diamond
The Archduke Joseph is a colourless, 76.45-carat cushion-shaped diamond that shares its place of origin (the Golconda mines of India) with the famed Koh-i-Noor, Daria-i-Noor, Hope Diamond and many others. The diamond was obviously named after its first documented owner, Joseph August, the Archduke of Austria, of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. The first evidence of the diamonds existence comes from 1933, when said duke deposited it in the vaults of the Hungarian General Credit Bank.
Argyle Pink Jubilee diamond
When it was unearthed in the Argyle mines of Western Australia (hence the name) in 2011, the Pink Jubilee was 12.76 carats, and the biggest pink diamond to ever be found in the mine. Chances are that this will remain the largest pink diamond ever mined from the mines owned by the Rio Tinto Group, seeing as they had made the estimate that the supply of the pinks will be exhausted by the early 2020s.
The Ashberg Diamond is a 102.48-carat cushion-shaped diamond (obviously), with exceptionally unique amber colouring, which gives it almost metallic appearance. The diamond was named after one Olof Ashberg, a Swedish businessman and a left sympathizer who was one of the chief financers of the Bolsheviks before, during and after the civil war in what was then Imperial Russia.
To be continue…
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